Treasure from coal
Everyone knows such minerals associated with carbon and organic matter as diamond and numerous fossil resins, the most prominent representative of which is Baltic amber (succinite or hedano-succinite). But in the bowels of the earth, organic matter can also give other gems, one of which is mellite. This is a mineral that resembles transparent amber in appearance, having a color from yellow-brown to light gray, almost colorless, characteristic of brown coal deposits that have undergone slight hydrothermal processing. Of course, a stone with a hardness of 2-2½ on the Mohs scale cannot count on a top place among jewelry stones, but this mineral, in addition to the decorative collection value of relatively large crystals, provides material for the work of cutters who produce decorative collectible cuts designed to demonstrate the beauty of the cut stone. in the showcase of the collection. Raw cut-quality mellite is very rare, however, suitable stones come to the market from the deposits of the island of Tasmania, a few deposits in Germany and the Czech Republic. Our country is not deprived of a source of mellite either, in the coals of the brown coal basin near Moscow there are individuals who sow doubts in the souls of collectors - to leave a sample in the form of a crystal or give it for manufacturing, albeit a small (up to half a carat or less) but rare cut.
In gemology, speaking of olivines, they most often mean forsterite (including synthetic, sometimes imitating tanzanite) and chrysolite (a jewelry variety of forsterite with a small amount of fayalite minal), sometimes they recall tephroite, which is part of rhodonite rocks, as well as fayalite.